The AlTi is an inexpensive 2-way bookshelf design using the aluminum cone HiVi M5N midbass and Dayton DC25T-8 titanium dome tweeter. You can probably guess how I arrived at the AlTi name. This is a design I've been working on for the past few months, it evolved out of another very similar design I built as a wedding gift that had used some buyout paper cone woofers and in which I used the DC25T-8 tweeter for the first time. I liked how that design sounded and was especially pleased with the tweeter so I decided that I should find another woofer which would work in the design so others could build it if they wanted to. The M5N had the T/S specs and response I was looking for, best of all it had an identical frame diameter and dropped right into the cutouts I had made for the buyout woofers so I was able to do some preliminary testing in the original enclosures before handing them over. As I said I really like how the DC25T-8 sounds, it's detailed without being harsh and blends exceptionally with the M5N. Most inexpensive soft domes that I have used around this price point tend to get a little stuffy at higher output levels but these remain remarkably clear. Bass response is decent with the predicted f3 of just about 50hz in this enclosure (I measured a little higher then that but my tuning also came in a little low), it allows them to be enjoyable enough for most music without using a sub at modest volumes. The rated 2.7mm xmax is real however, the woofer certainly has clean mechanical travel past this point but any exceptionally heavy bass notes will start to modulate the midrange output as the coil moves out of the gap. Use with a subwoofer is best for higher playback levels. Though the single mid-woofer does still struggle as you near 100dB/1m in the low midrange upper bass which can be seen in the compression sweeps. The enclosures I built for these are 11.75" high x 8" wide x 10" deep, I used 3/4" edge glued baltic birch panels that were on clearance at my local hardware store but MDF or quality plywood is just as suitable. Tuning in the 0.3cuft net enclosure ends up in the low 50's, I measured ~47hz with a 3/4" MDF flare added to the inside port termination of the 1-7/8" flared port that PE sells. Without that flare the tuning will be a tad higher should actually give a flatter bass response. Cost for the drivers, crossover and port tube is just under $80 per speaker, though additional savings could be made using a 12uF NPE cap on the woofer circuit instead of the poly cap bringing it closer to $150 for a pair (excluding enclosure materials and assorted hardware). December-2021 Crossover update - New more detailed measurements taken on my outdoor turntable revealed some response issues that had been masked previously. The new updated crossover design is posted below: If you are upgrading from the previous crossover, you will need to replace R1, R2, R3, C2 and C4*. *For C4 you could add a 2.0uF in parallel with the existing 10uF to make 12uF or use the 2.2uF removed from C2 as 12.2uF won't really measure different. The new parts required are C6, L3, R4 that make up the added filter which can be wired to the LF output terminal if you have an existing crossover PCB. Update Jan-2022: I tested a new pair of woofers and they had slightly reduced midrange output (~1dB less) compared to my older ones. I changed R3 from 15 to 20 Ohms to correct this. Crossover Parts: C1 - C4 designed to be Poly caps, C5/C6 sized for NPE. C1(4uF) - C2(1.5uF) - C3(0.22uF) - C4(12uF) - C5(80uF) - C6(22uF) L1/L3 should be 20AWG air core, L2 should be 18AWG I-core or equivalent. L1(0.4mH) - L2(1.5mH) - L3(2.0mH) Resistors should be at least 10w, standard 5% tolerance wire-wound or better are perfectly suitable. R1(8 Ohm) - R2(7 Ohm) - R3(20 Ohm) - R4(10 Ohm) -Optional Crossover PCB Kit- PCB is designed to fit the parts linked above. Drivers: Hi-Vi M5N - Dayton DC25T-8 Port Tube: 1-7/8" x 5-5/8" -Full detailed measurements for the AlTi Design with the updated crossover can be found here- The crossover is approximately 2.6khz, 2nd order on both tweeter and woofer. C2 on the tweeter providing some minor contouring in addition to the two resistors providing padding as well. The woofer side has C3 acting as a notch filter to suppress the cone breakup while the two parallel filters are there to even out response lumps from the baffle step and diffraction. If you are using a class D amplifier you may want to add an ~8-20 ohm resistor in series with the C3 capacitor. This will not change the frequency response of the speaker but prevents issues from the capacitive load in the ultrasonic range which some switching amps do not like. This resistor can be small anything over a 1 watt rating should work. Note this sim is using gated indoor measurements so low frequencies are not accurate: Nominal impedance of the drivers is 8 ohms but with the crossover does dip to just above 4 Ohms between 200-300hz so you will want a decent amp if you want to drive these hard. If performing light playback an amplifier rated for 8 ohms should be fine. On axis the tweeter's response is decently smooth out past 20k though when moving off axis and the phase shield does cause some extra rolloff at the top end and a notch between 13-14k but it really isn't an issue until you get more then 20 degrees off axis. There is a slight dip in the response of ~1dB between 3-4k directly on axis however this flattens out slightly when you move off axis and I found leaving it sounded better as it gives a smoother power response.